The Kimberley Process (KP) is a joint governments, industry and civil society initiative to stem the flow of conflict diamonds – rough diamonds used by rebel movements to finance wars against legitimate governments.
The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) outlines the rules that govern the trade in rough diamonds. The KPCS has developed a set of minimum requirements that each participant must meet.
The KP is not, strictly speaking, an international organisation: it has no permanent offices or permanent staff. It relies on the contributions – under the principle of ‘burden-sharing’ – of participants, supported by industry and civil society observers.
Neither can the KP be considered as an international agreement from a legal perspective, as it is implemented through the national legislations of its participants.
Kimberley Process for Rough Diamonds (Natural Resources Canada)
Export and Import of Rough Diamonds Act (Natural Resources Canada)
Participants to the Kimberley Process (Kimberly Process)
The Kimberley Process (KP) is open to all countries that are willing and able to implement its requirements. As of 2 August 2013, the KP has 54 participants, representing 81 countries, with the European Union and its 28 Member States counting as a single participant, represented by the European Commission. KP members account for approximately 99.8% of the global production of rough diamonds.
Trade in rough diamonds (HS Code 7102.10, .21 or .31) is permitted between Participants of Kimberley Process Certification Scheme only on the basis of authentic KP certificates. It is advised that Participants should examine KP certificates to protect against the use of fraudulent KP certificates.
In case of reasonable doubt of the authenticity of a KP certificate, the matter should be brought to the attention of the KP authorities in the respective countries and the KP Chair and Working Group on Monitoring.